The Tropic of Cancer, Tropic of Capricorn and the Equator

January 28, 2013

Tropic of Cancer, Capricorn, Equator

Did you know that the Tropic of Cancer divides India almost equally into two halves? Do you have an atlas or a globe? Otherwise, you can probably check in your school library for the appropriate resources. Check the latitude along with the states of India through which the Tropic of Cancer passes through India and the rest of the globe. The Tropic of Cancer is located at 23.5 degrees north of the equator. It is an imaginary latitudinal line in the northern hemisphere which specifies the regions where the sun appears to be directly overhead during the summer solstice in June. The solstice occurs due to the revolution of the earth occurring at a tilt and specifies when the earth appears closest to the sun. In India, the Tropic of Cancer passes through the states of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand West Bengal, Mizoram and Tripura from west to east. A few countries through which the Tropic of Cancer passes include Mexico, Saudi Arabia and China.

Can you now guess what latitude the Tropic of Capricorn represents? Go and check in your world atlas, globe or appropriate resource. Which are the countries which fall in the Tropic of Capricorn region? The Tropic of Capricorn is located 23.5 degrees south of the equator. The sun appears directly overhead in December in this region. Some of the countries through which the Tropic of Capricorn passes through are Argentina, Brazil, Madagascar, Mozambique and South Africa.

The equator, as you may already know, lies at 0 degrees latitude and is the imaginary line that seems to equally divide the spherical earth into the two hemispheres, namely the Northern and the Southern hemisphere. A few countries through which the equator passes include Indonesia, Brazil and Kenya.

The tropical region includes the equatorial regions and regions up to the Tropic of Cancer in the North and the Tropic of Capricorn in the South. These regions generally do not experience distinct and extreme climatic conditions. It is only regions in the northern latitudes of the Tropic of Cancer and southern latitudes of the Tropic of Capricorn that experience distinct and extreme seasonal variations. The next time you travel to another place, make it a point to look it up in the world atlas and check at what latitude and where it is with respect to the equator, Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn.

photo credit: nsikander28 via photopin cc

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