Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE) | Formative and Summative Assessment

September 23, 2013

formative and summative assessment

The continuous and comprehensive evaluation (CCE) has been introduced into CBSE schools all over India and has changed the face of how students are being evaluated.  It is a welcome change as it is helping in doing away with the rote-based end of the year examination system which was used as a measure to gauge a student’s academic performance earlier.  In continuous and comprehensive evaluation, formative and summative assessments are the two modes of evaluation which are used to chalk the progress of a learner.  Regular and comprehensive evaluation throughout the year ensures that students can deeply understand and apply concepts and are not studying just to score marks.  The CCE incorporates both scholastic and co-scholastic aspects of a learner’s profile in order to give a holistic and well-rounded approach to learning.  Like any reform, good planning and implementation along with orientation and the necessary support for teachers will ensure that continuous and comprehensive evaluation is making the necessary impact on the learners.

Formative Assessment in Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation

The formative assessment is a vital component of the continuous and comprehensive evaluation which enables students to learn in a joyful manner with the help of activities.  The weight-age for formative assessment for the two terms in the CBSE academic year is 40%.  The four formative assessments held throughout the year are known as FA-1 and FA-2 for the first term and FA-3 and FA-4 for the second term.  Learning outcomes are evaluated in the form of activities rather than only using the traditional pen and paper test.  Formative assessment can include group and individual projects, presentations and assignments, group discussions, enactments, experiments, quizzes, debates, etc.  A formative assessment emphasizes practical or application-based learning and helps in deeply reinforcing concepts due to the practical focus of the assessment.

Summative Assessment in Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation

The summative assessment is an end of term evaluation which consists of objective type questions and short and long answers and is a pen and paper test.  The weight-age for summative assessment for the two terms in the CBSE academic year is 60%.  The two summative assessment held in the academic year are known as SA-1 for the first term and SA-2 for the second term.   Students have to score at least 15 out of 60 in the summative assessment.  A summative assessment helps in reinforcing and evaluating the conceptual understanding of students.

photo credit: Ken Whytock via photopin cc

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